Eco-cities and the transition towards sustainable urban development in South Korea.
Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Bernhard Müller, Technische Universität Dresden
Korean cities face sustainability challenges in the sense that there is continuous increase in energy consumption and GHG emissions induced by carbon-intensive development structures. Changing the pattern of energy consumption, however, will not be easy, as long as such unsustainable structures remain unchanged. In this regard, a new urban intervention should encompass restructuring process of interrelated institutions, infrastructure, values and culture, and this process is theorised as ‘transformations’. This thesis, therefore, examines the ability of urban stakeholders to bring about such transformations, based on the analytical framework of ‘urban transformative capacity (UTC)’. The empirical study is designed with the case of ‘Eco-capital Suwon’, whose multi-stakeholder participatory approach displays a distinct capacity enhancement process while situated in centralised national system. To do so, documents analysis, and in-depth, semi-structured interviews are conducted. The thesis has contributions both to theoretical and methodological discussions about operationalisation of UTC framework, and to empirical evidence on a critical role of inclusive governance to enhance transformative capacity, as policy implications for urban development and planning for East-Asian cities.
Key words: urban transformative capacity, sustainability transformations, urban development and policy, Eco-capital Suwon, inclusive governance
Doctoral Student at the TU Dresden, Faculty of Environmental Science
International Studies (International Development and Cooperation), Korea University, South Korea
Academic Degree: Master of Arts
Studies in Cultural Anthropology, Hanyang University, South Korea
Academic Degree: Bachelor of Arts
Korea Environment Institute
Korea Institute for International Economic Policy